malware, Trojan horse, ransomware, phishing … what are they and how to avoid them – Cracked Free

malware, Trojan horse, ransomware, phishing … what are they and how to avoid them

The number Internet threats It has grown exponentially over the past few years. Although a few years ago we were only worried that due to some oversight we would end up installing a virus on our computer, today it is necessary to start with steel feet. And is that by simply browsing the Internet, we can end up falling victim to towards, ransomware, Trojans, Phishing and many other types of hacker attacks.

Internet virus

Although we are all aware that have a virus On our computer it can be a minor or major problem, not all of us know what each of them means or what means they use to infect it. And as Lao Tzu says in The Art of War, to be victorious in a battle, you have to know our enemy well.

In today’s article, we’re going to give you a quick, comprehensive, and super-easy-to-understand course, so you know the ins and outs at a glance. main types of viruses or threats circulating on the Internet. In addition to that, we will also teach you how to avoid disorders and prevent possible infections. And is that while it may surprise you, having a good antivirus installed does not guarantee that your computer is not in danger. We hope this helps you!

One name for hundreds of threats: malware


We start our guide with the most common and dangerous viruses that you will find on the Internet, the malware. This name contains any type of malicious software or code that is introduced into our computer for criminal purposes. His intention is always the same, to obtain steal money from their victims by taking full or partial control of the infected device.

What types of malware are there?

Different types of hackers

When we talk about malware we are not referring to just one type of virus, in fact it is a Category where a large number of them are included. These are the main types of malware that you will find on the Internet.

  • Advertising software This type of malware is dedicated to displaying advertisements and pop-ups on your screen with the aim of ending up clicking on them.
  • Spyware- As the name suggests, this malware spies on all the activities that you perform on your computer. Its purpose is to steal data (usually credit card numbers, passwords, etc.) for profit.
  • Virus- Viruses are a type of malware that is always associated with a seemingly harmless program. It runs when the program starts, thus infecting the user’s PC. Once on the computer, the virus multiplies and infects the rest of the computer programs.
  • Towards- This type of malware is very similar to virus, although instead of replicating itself to infect a single PC, it multiplies with the aim of infecting as many devices as possible on a network.
  • Trojan- Trojans get their name from the well-known horse that Ulysses used to trick Trojans into and attack the city of Troy from within. This type of malware “disguises” itself as a useful file or program for your PC and thereby accesses your operating system. Once done, it infects your PC from the inside. Trojans are typically used to steal banking information, install viruses, or as ransomware.
  • Ransomware-Its name comes from the English word “ransom”, that is to say “rescue” or “ask for a ransom”. This is able to hijack not only the files of one device, but also the entire computer of the victim. To free them, the hacker demands a large ransom payment, usually in cryptocurrencies.
  • Rootkit- The rootkit is a hidden malicious mole that gets activated when the victim’s operating system boots. It offers administrator privileges to the attacker, thus allowing dangerous modifications to be made to your device.
  • Key register– This type of malware logs all keystrokes that a user has made from their computer keyboard. This is used to obtain the personal information, passwords and bank details of the victim.
  • Cryptojacking- This type of malware, once on your computer, will use your operating system’s resources to mine the cryptocurrencies and then send the profits to the hacker. On this occasion, the malware does not steal money directly from the victim, it only uses the resources of his device to generate profits for the hacker.
  • Exploits- We are facing one of the most widely used types of malware today. Exploits take advantage of vulnerabilities and security holes in applications, programs and even your operating system to penetrate the device. Once inside, they attack the infected device by appropriating its data or taking control of it.

How do I know if my PC is infected with malware?

Frustrated woman with laptop

Malware can manifest itself on your computer in different ways, although they are all easy to identify as dramatically change team performance. The main warning signs that your computer is infected with malware are:

  • Your team works a lot Slow down and its basic functions have been slowed down.
  • There is a disproportionate increase in intrusive ads and pop-ups whenever you access the internet.
  • Web pages open by themselves which you do not want to access.
  • Your PC suffers from blue screenshots without you being able to solve them.
  • There is a considerable decrease in space on your hard drive without you remembering to install anything new.
  • Are used many resources of your system without doing absolutely anything from your PC.
  • The home page your browser has changed without your consent.
  • your anti-virus has stopped working properly.

If they can identify any of these points with how your computer is functioning, be careful because it could be infected with malware.

How can my PC get infected with malware?

Sad woman with laptop

There are many methods by which your PC can get infected with malware, but the paths of this type of virus are always the same: the Internet and you email. Below these lines, we are going to offer you a list of the main ways that your PC may have been infected with malware.

  • You visited a web page with illegal content.
  • Have you got downloaded software unofficial media.
  • Have you got downloaded music unofficial media.
  • You have installed a extension or taskbar malicious.
  • You opened a infected attachment from your email.

As you can see, the ways in which your PC can get infected with malware are very diverse, so it is important to always be careful while browsing the internet or downloading files.

Being the victim of a hoax: phishing

Gmail dark logo

Although not a virus as such, the Phishing This is another of the great activities carried out by hackers whose objective is to get their hands on your personal data as well as your bank accounts.

You have surely received several times a suspicious e-mail from a certain Nigerian Prince or announce that you have won a billionaire award from a lottery you haven’t even played. These two examples are two classic cases of phishing.

Phishing is a type of fraud which in most cases is done via the email and whose purpose is simply to deceive you. These take on the appearance of both weird emails (like the previous cases) and official media that everyone would trust. For example, it is common for them to impersonate a bank branch, an electricity supplier, or just a well-known service such as PayPal, Google, or your Facebook account.

Phishing emails they always come with a link which redirects you to a false version of the official page that they are trying to imitate. For example, if it tries to emulate your bank branch, the link will redirect you to a version identical to its official page, although to an obviously different URL.

The goal of phishing is that when you visit this fake URL, you enter your data, usernames and passwords so that they pass into the hands of the hacker. In this way they can realize enter your personal and bank accounts with the data you provided.

How to avoid falling victim to malware and phishing

Man using laptop

As you have seen, the internet is full of frauds, deceptions and malicious content waiting for your forgetfulness to recover your data. Fortunately, there are methods with which you can protect yourself from it.

The first recommendation we offer you is install a good antivirus. They offer real-time protection and active shields with which it will be very difficult if not impossible for malware to install on your computer. In addition to this, many current antiviruses also offer protection for your email accounts, so you can open your email without any fear.

From Softonic, one of the antiviruses we love the most is Avast Antivirus. This is completely free and provides unparalleled protection for your equipment. You can download and install Avast Antivirus quickly and safely under these lines.

If you want more options, we recommend checking out this article to find out which ones work the most right now.

Another recommendation is that you have installed software on your computer entirely dedicated to the malware detection and removal. We recommend that you try Malwarebytes Anti-Malware as it is one of the best on the market and can be used for free.

Finally, use your common sense and doubt any weird email you receive asking you to click on a link and enter your details. An effective way to avoid phishing is verify the sender’s email address and never click a link in an email. If there are any doubts about the veracity of the email, go directly to the alleged entity’s website who sent you the email and access it from its official page.

We hope our little one Guide to Internet Viruses and Hoaxes helped you. Have you ever suffered a hacker attack? Tell us about your experience in the comments section!

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